The Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) first emerged in the early 1970s when an armed uprising against the state of Pakistan was launched in Balochistan during the first term of former Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
However, the BLA also slipped into the background after the military general Zia-ul-Haq seized power and negotiated with Baloch nationalist leaders to end the armed insurgency.
After the arrest of nationalist leader Nawab Khair Bakhsh Murree on charges of murdering Balochistan High Court Judge Nawaz Murree during the rule of former President Pervez Musharraf, a series of attacks on government installations and security forces in different parts of Balochistan began in 2000. Happened
Over time, these attacks not only increased but also spread to different parts of Balochistan.
The BLA claimed responsibility for most of the attacks.
In 2006, the government of Pakistan added the Baloch Liberation Army to its list of banned organizations, and Nawabzada Balach Murree, son of Nawab Khair Bakhsh Murree, was declared the head of the BLA by the authorities.
Balach Murree was reportedly killed in November 2007, and the banned BLA said he had been killed in a clash with security forces near the Afghan border.
After Balach Murree’s death, his brother Nawabzada Hirbayar Murree, who was based in the UK, was declared the head of the BLA by the Pakistani authorities.
After the death of Nawabzada Balach Murree, the name that emerged under the leadership of BLA was Aslam Baloch. He began to be counted among the central commanders of the organization.
Aslam Baloch, who was injured in an operation by security forces and went to India for treatment, also reported differences with other leaders of his organization.
After recovering, Aslam Baloch lived in different parts of Balochistan and Afghanistan.
The organization has also been opposed to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project and has targeted Chinese targets in Pakistan in its recent operations.
The first suicide attack claimed by the BLA in August 2018 was carried out by Aslam Baloch’s own son near Dalbandin, the district headquarters in Chaghi.
The banned BLA then claimed responsibility for the November 2018 attack on the Chinese Consulate in Karachi. The attack was carried out by three suicide bombers.
Despite the change in leadership, the organization did not stop the operations of the ‘Fidai’ squad and in May this year, members of the BLA’s Majeed Brigade carried out a similar attack on the Pearl Continental Hotel in Gwadar.
The Majeed Brigade was formed in the name of Majeed Baloch, an extremist who tried to attack then Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto with a grenade in the 1970s.
The BLA also released photos and video messages of the attackers involved in the attack on the Gwadar Hotel.
Alliances with other armed groups
In addition to the BLA, the coalition also includes the Balochistan Liberation Front and the Balochistan Republican Guards, and its operations are centered around the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.